Arthur Laurents (book). . .
Jerome Robbins (director and choreographer) is world renowned for his work as a choreographer of ballets as
well as his work as a director and choreographer in theater, movies and
television. Although he began as a modern dancer, his start on Broadway was as a
chorus dancer before joining the corps de ballet of American Ballet Theatre in
1939, where he went on to dance principal roles in the works of Fokine, Tudor,
Massine, Balanchine, Lichine, and de Mille. His first ballet, Fancy Free (1944)
for ABT, still in many repertoires, celebrated its fiftieth birthday on April
18, 1994. While embarking on his career in the theater, Mr. Robbins
simultaneously created ballets for New York City Ballet, which he joined in
1949, and became an Associate Artistic Director with George Balanchine. Mr.
Robbins has directed for television and film as well, with his co-direction and
choreography of West Side Story winning him two Academy Awards. After his
Broadway triumph with Fiddler On the Roof in 1964, Mr. Robbins continued
creating ballets for New York City Ballet. He shared the position of
Ballet-Master-in-Chief with Peter Martins until 1989. He has created more than
60 ballets, including Afternoon of a Faun (1953), The Concert (1956), Les Noces
(1965), Dances At a Gathering (1969), In the Night (1970), In G Major (1975),
Other Dances (1976), Glass Pieces (1983) and Ives Songs (1989) which are in the
repertories of the New York City Ballet, the Ballet de l'Opera de Paris and
major dance companies throughout the world. His most recent ballets include A
Suite of Dances with Mikhail Baryshnikov (1994), 2 & 3 Part Inventions
(1994), West Side Story Suite (1995) and Brandenburg (1996) all of which
premiered at New York City Ballet.
For more information about Jerome Robbins, visit the
Jerome Robbins web site.
Stephen Sondheim (lyrics) wrote the music and lyrics for
Passion (1994), Assassins (1991), Into the Woods (1987),
Sunday in the Park with George (1984), Merrily We Roll Along
(1981), Sweeney Todd (1979), Pacific Overtures (1976), The
Frogs (1974), A Little Night Music (1973), Follies (1971,
revised in London, 1987), Company (1970), Anyone Can Whistle
(1964), and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum (1962), as
well as lyrics for West Side Story (1957), Gypsy (1959), Do I
Hear A Waltz? (1965), and additional lyrics for Candide (1973).
Side by Side by Sondheim (1976), Marry Me A Little (1981),
You're Gonna Love Tomorrow (1983), and Putting It Together (1992)
are anthologies of this work as a composer and lyricist. For films, he composed
the scores of Stavisky (1974) and Reds (1981) and songs for
Dick Tracy (1990), for which he won an Academy Award. He also wrote songs
for the television production "Evening Primrose" (1966), co-authored the film
The Last of Sheila (1973) and the play Getting Away With Murder
(1996), and provided incidental music for the plays The Girls of Summer
(1956), Invitation to a March (1961), and Twigs (1971). He won
Tony Awards for Best Score for a Musical for Passion, Into the Woods, Sweeney
Todd, A Little Night Music, Follies, and Company. All of these shows
won the New York Drama Critics Circle Award, as did Pacific Overtures and
Sunday in the Park with George, the latter also receiving the Pulitzer
Prize for Drama (1985). Mr. Sondheim was born in 1930 and raised in New York
City. He graduated from Williams College, winning the Hutchinson Prize for Music
Composition, after which he studied theory and composition with Milton Babbitt.
He is on the Council of the Dramatists Guild, the national association of
playwrights, composers, and lyricists, having served as its president from 1973
to 1981, and in 1983 was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In
1990 he was appointed the first Visiting Professor of Contemporary Theatre at
Oxford University and in 1993 was a recipient of the Kennedy Center
For more information about Stephen Sondheim, visit the
Stephen Sondheim Stage.